necessity


necessity
I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
I
n. need (see necessity); compulsion; poverty.
II
What must happen
Nouns
1. necessity, necessitation, obligation, compulsion, subjection; needfulness, essentiality, indispensability; dire or cruel necessity, inexorable fate; what must be; force majeure.
2. requirement, need, want, requisite, demand; urgency, exigency; bread and butter, breath of life; sine qua non, matter of life and death; stress, pinch. See certainty, poverty, desire.
3. destiny, fatality, foredoom, foreordination.
4. reflex, reaction, automatic response; recoil.
5. Fates, Parcae, three Sisters, book of fate; God's will, will of heaven, will of Allah; wheel of fortune; Hobson's choice; last shift or resort.
Verbs
1. lie under a necessity; be doomed or destined, be in for, be under the necessity of, have no choice or alternative, cannot [help] but, have one's back to the wall, be driven into a corner; burn one's bridges or boats. Informal, take it or leave it.
2. necessitate, demand, require, call for, entail; must; destine, doom, foredoom, predestine, preordain; compel, force, oblige, constrain.
Adjectives
1. necessary, needful, required, requisite, essential, imperative, indispensable, in demand; compulsory, obligatory, uncontrollable, inevitable, unavoidable, irresistible, irrevocable, inexorable, ineluctable; urgent, exigent, pressing, crying; instant.
2. fated, destined, preordained, fateful, doomed; hooked (see habit).
3. involuntary, instinctive, automatic, blind, mechanical, unconscious, unwitting, unthinking, impulsive. Informal, knee-jerk.
Adverbs — necessarily, of necessity, of course, needs must, perforce, willing or unwilling, willy-nilly, compulsorily; like it or not.
Phrases — any port in a storm; beggars can't be choosers; necessity is the mother of invention; sink or swim.
Quotations — Necessity never made a good bargain (Benjamin Franklin), The superfluous, a very necessary thing (Voltaire), Necessity knows no law (Publilius Syrus), The true creator is necessity, which is the mother of our invention (Plato), I know this — a man got to do what he got to do (John Steinbeck), Great necessities call out great virtues (Abigail Adams).
Antonyms, see will, choice.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [The state of being required]
Syn. need, compulsion, constraint, pressure, obligation, needfulness, essentiality, indispensability, undeniability, requisiteness, prerequisiteness; see also need 3 , requirement 2 .
2. [That which is needed]
Syn. need, want, requisite, vital part, essential, demand, imperative, fundamental, claim, exaction, desideratum, must*; see also lack 2 , need 3 , requirement 2 .
3. [The state of being forced by circumstances]
Syn. exigency, pinch, stress, urgency, extremity, destitution, privation, obligation, inexorableness, inescapableness, case of life or death; see also emergency , poverty 1 , 2 .
See Synonym Study at need .
of necessity,
Syn. inevitably, importantly, surely; see necessarily .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
must, essential, vital component, requirement, obligation, requisite, prerequisite, need, want, basic, fundamental, dire necessity, exigency.
ANT.: extra, luxury, inessential
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. That which provides a reason or justification: call, cause, ground (often used in plural), justification, occasion, reason, wherefore, why. Idiom: why and wherefore. See START. 2. Something indispensable: condition, essential, must, need, precondition, prerequisite, requirement, requisite, sine qua non. See NECESSARY. 3. A condition in which something necessary or desirable is required or wanted: exigence, exigency, need. See NECESSARY.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Necessity — • A strict connection between different beings, or the different elements of a being, or between a being and its existence. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Necessity     Necessity …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • necessity — ne·ces·si·ty n pl ties 1 a: the presence or pressure of circumstances that justify or compel a certain course of action; esp: a need to respond or react to a dangerous situation by committing a criminal act b: an affirmative defense originating… …   Law dictionary

  • Necessity — Ne*ces si*ty, n.; pl. {Necessities}. [OE. necessite, F. n[ e]cessit[ e], L. necessitas, fr. necesse. See {Necessary}.] 1. The quality or state of being necessary, unavoidable, or absolutely requisite; inevitableness; indispensableness. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • necessity — ► NOUN (pl. necessities) 1) the state or fact of being required or indispensable. 2) an indispensable thing. 3) a situation enforcing a particular course: created more by necessity than design. ● necessity is the mother of invention Cf.… …   English terms dictionary

  • necessity — (n.) late 14c., constraining power of circumstances, from O.Fr. necessité need, necessity; privation, poverty; distress, torment; obligation, duty (12c.), from L. necessitatem (nom. necessitas) compulsion, need for attention, unavoidableness,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • necessity — [nə ses′ətē] n. pl. necessities [ME necessite < OFr nécessité < L necessitas < necesse: see NECESSARY] 1. the power of natural law that cannot be other than it is; natural causation; physical compulsion placed on man by nature; fate 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • necessity — *need, exigency Analogous words: compelling or compulsion, constraining or constraint, obliging or obligation, coercing or coercion (see corresponding verbs at FORCE): indispensableness, requisiteness or requisition, needfulness (see… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • necessity — [n] need, essentiality call, cause, claim, compulsion, demand, desideratum, duress, essence, essential, exaction, exigency, fundamental, godsend*, imperative, indispensability, inevitability, inexorableness, life or death*, must, necessary,… …   New thesaurus

  • necessity — noun 1 fact that sth must happen; sth that cannot be avoided ADJECTIVE ▪ absolute, fundamental (esp. BrE), sheer, vital ▪ Sleep is an absolute necessity for life. ▪ dire, urgent …   Collocations dictionary

  • Necessity — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Necessity >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 involuntariness involuntariness Sgm: N 1 instinct instinct blind impulse Sgm: N 1 inborn proclivity inborn proclivity innate proclivity Sgm: N 1 native tendency native tendency… …   English dictionary for students

  • Necessity — This article is about the definition of necessity according to domestic law. For the concept of necessity in international law, see Military necessity. For logical meanings, see Necessary (disambiguation) and Modal logic …   Wikipedia